Amanda's post reminded me that the Festive season us almost here and most of us will be socialising more than usual, partying, visiting family and generally enjoying ourselves. It was the same in the Regency, although their Christmas celebrations were slightly different to ours. There were no cards and probably no Christmas tree (Queen Charlotte had introduced a Christmas tree for her family by the Regency, but it didn't become popular until the Victorian era) and Father Christmas had not yet arrived.
However, there was a great deal of feasting and partying with lots of dancing and games such as forfeits and apple bobbling. Houses were decked with evergreens and of course a mistletoe bough. There were Christmas carols, the mummers might turn up to entertain a household and the telling of hair-raising ghost stories was a traditional treat. There might also be gifts given and received, but only on a small scale.
A prosperous family might enjoy brandy, rum and madeira or even arrack (a sweet liqueur from the West Indies). And they might find jugged pigeons on the dining table. The pigeons were stuffed and fitted into an earthenware pot, the lid sealed and the pot put into a pan of boiling water for at least 3 hours. The pigeons were then removed into a warm dish and the remaining juices thickened with butter and flour to make a sauce. This might be followed by a possett made from eggs, cream and spices, or an equally sweet pudding again made with cream sugar and eggs but this time with flour and butter too, and flavoured with rosewater. Or perhaps they might prefer a syllabub – made by mixing (even more) cream, sugar, brandy and sherry with the juice and rind of a lemon and then adding milk straight from the cow (yes, literally, the bowl was placed on the floor and the cow "milked" directly into it). If you didn't happen to have a cow handy you could pour the warm milk from a height into the bowl!
I like the idea of the syllabub, but if you don't mind, I think I will stick to roast chicken again this Christmas!
|Journey's End by Maurice Bishop|
Of course, with all this entertaining, a word of warning may be needed for the "youth of both sexes" about their behaviour. From The Gentleman and Lady's Companion, Norwich, 1798, here are a few instances of ill manners to be avoided:-
- · Omitting the proper attention, when waited on by superiors
- · Passing between the fire and persons sitting at it
- · Whispering or pointing in company and standing between the light and any person wanting it
- · Contradicting your parents or strangers who are in any way engaged in conversation
- · Laughing loudly when in company, and drumming with feet or hands
- · Throwing things instead of handing them and crowding others in a passage, or running against their elbows
- · Leaning on the shoulder or chair of another person and overlooking persons who are writing or reading
- · All instances of that ill-judged familiarity which breeds contempt
- · Lolling on a chair when speaking or when spoken to and looking persons earnestly in the face without apparent cause
- · Ridicule of every kind, vice or folly
- · A constant smile or settled frown on the countenance.
So there you have it, Christmas, Regency style. I am off now to find a cow to put in the garage!
Melinda Hammond: The Christmas Travellers - A Regency Short story, published on Kindle.
Sarah Mallory: Never Trust a Rebel – published September 2014 by Harlequin